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Dicussions on Buddism

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The Evenness we all are given by the World – Ashta Loka Dharma

Are we even? Do we have equity in lives?

When looking at the world, we see, that at time to time new ideas occur and Revolutionists jump up on stages. Some are made famous thanks to those ideas, and become the leaders of the others. So they become famous and  some become followers. Some time in some places changes are established according to those ideas. Some, who face such changes, may like it, or may not like it, or may be, just not care  and move on with their lives.

Those changes may exist for sometime. However they all fade gradually and eventually come to an end, and something else take place. As always as it happens in this world.

Anything such can happen. Those kind of things can change our lives, change what we could have or could lose, or situations likewise. We may like the outcome, so that we become  supporters. May be, become opponents if we may dislike it. However, it wouldn’t be the same how each of us may feel. Well, life seems to have no evenness in this world.

So life is not Equal, or  no Evenness. Yes or No?

Buddhism says it does. On eight (8) things we all have to face because of this living. Only eight. That is so, little.Almost all of life must have been left.

Yes, eight, but these eight are really big, and the most important things in this world. Big, because they are the ones that define the quality of our lives. The Quality? What kind of quality? That is something to write more on may be later on. In short that can be said, quality as to our world.

So what do we all face same as others? Well,

profit and loss,

famous and infamous,

praises and reproaches,

comfort and discomfort.

These four couple  of words, even though they are just eight words, are the ones, that determine our lives; So, they are really important, so have to be big .

So, these have superiority?

Well, it still says that we determine their existence, so what ‘s going to be more important?

How our practices could affect us.

As humans we seem to have so many differences from each other. As for each person we also seem to have some individual behaviors, that we find hard to break from and to believe of their existence. These things, point at one of the most important fact in Buddhist teachings, the Sansar. The way, how we came to identify as the person today. The whole lot of lives we’d had, in each of this Sansar ( the chain of lives, also  that  including all the years we’d had in this life, too. ), is what had made us to be this, what we call our soul or personality.

If somebody, had given enough time to analyze, on  how they had been changed through  years, throughout their lifetime so far, most probably they may happen to see, that how their personalities had changed with that time. Many things could have had triggered those changes.  One such thing could have been due to their own realizations from their life experiences. May be it was, people they were associated with at that period  may had influenced them to change, in such a way, that was good or may be  bad.  Also people as most likely  forget some of the past behaviors that not deep,  if stayed away from it for a while.  Also something that was learned by experience, or from some one or something, i.e resources, could have occurred changes.  Something  that was learned by such process could have been forgotten later and  returned to the old behavior prior to that learning. Or it may be due to the fact that the way  that person understand or reason, some particular thing,  was changed.

Such things we face, experience, react, learn, view could later change how we happens to be at time to time. As to the teachings, that happens by what we sense through our six senses.  Even though  the way of our thinking, behaving, actions, reactions, or decisions  change time to time, how often do we realize, that such changes had happened, or while they are happening. If some one who have access to these accounts (by memorizing or some other mean) could have such ability, if they looked in to it, later.

Most times it looks like, old behaviors are what always win. So we easily return to what we were used to do,  after trying to change, if mind was not really set on to it. Many Buddhist stories tell, how some one can  easily and inadvertently  adopt some long time practices, they’d had in their Sansar, on that current life.

Many  original versions of these stories, in Buddhist history, (even though some people  refer to such as headteacher) were actually told by His Holiness Lord Buddha, or by Elder Bhikkus, who had the insight to see in to their past lives.  Even though today some people express like as unbelievable, most of these stories reveal important facts to learn, when analyzed.  Also those give us lot of insight into how our selves could be. Or how mind happens to works or that lives could occur. Most importantly they tell how our habits happened to have occurred. How do our habits really happened to be with us. Could  they be older than our this life time? Or are they just illusions, we happened to just stick in to, thanks to laziness or  something else. But why are some habits, so hard to break from, or ignore at all!

kamma, how we do it?

What is Karma! anything we do or say? NO way! 

At the Time when His holiness lord Buddha borne, in India Karma was taught by some famous teachers like “Niganta Nathaputta” that karma as anything that is done or said by a person. AS some believed it they  had  tried to keep away from doing any bad karma to an extreme extent. So this teacher is said to had his followers sweep the path before he walked anywhere. So that, he won’t be killing any animals that he’d not able to see by mistake. Also some teachings had prevented followers from drinking hot water.  Saying boiling water would kill very small beings that live in water even though  they could not be seen by human eye.

It’s true that such living beings, that are not able to be seen without special aids, do exist. What that amazes me is  how these ancient people had such knowledge when we never would have seen such things if not for the modern science. Its true, so much things  beyond any sciences (like about universe) have been told by His holiness lord Buddha. Still it keeps me wondering (in awe) about the knowledge at the time before his holiness’ enlightenment, that existed with people.

Again, when I read about nowadays vegan living style,  I wonder whether it is also based on the same theory that those other teacher’s perception. However it is, it is really off my current topic, and also it’s their liking.

So, do we have to face consequences for all we do and say in our lives? (I think I’d rather be dumb and disabled to do anything if it is so.)

Well, “Chethanahan Bikkawe, Kamman wadami‘ “is what Buddhists are taught, in answering that. So it’s a relief 🙂 . If a person do, say or think something with an intention it is what karma is, not just anything. So if a person has no intention to kill or harm another however  something like that happened, then  it will never become a killing according to Buddhism. So no consequences for that incident for that person involved.
 It’s not his Karma.

Also I’ve seen some sayings like  chethana or thoughts are not karma. But, considering Dhamma I know,  as a thought is needed to happen any Karma, and if taking it abstract, Karma is the thought but not the vise versa. when we have pleasant/pure mind good Karma happens and  if mind is opposite bad karma. So best thing is to know how to keep your mind pure and keep it. So happy consequences and easy comfortable living.

Hell!

We hear lots of reasons for someone to go to hell these days. I don’t know if it is a sad point or just a funny thing, but a lot of people seem to enjoy saying how some other would go to hell for doing something that would not be agreed along with their own perceptions.

But  as to Dhamma, there are only five actions that Buddhism says that will definitely take a person to the real hell. So all the other actions are individually determined in my understanding. Anyway it’s certain that when examined with Dhamma, even how much that someone would perhaps like or argue for another to go to hell, for doing something that they would not approve or not agree, will not certainly drop those people in hell, if they know how to keep away from it.

So in my complete pure mind I wish for those kind of well wishers also not to increase their own bad points by clinging into their bad tastes about these kind of beliefs. My understanding is that there are always reasons for everything, so there should also be some  fair reasons for people to be different in some ways from others, too.

The inevitable five actions, that we can’t ever get away from hell after doing,  are

Ānantarika kamma:-

1. Killing biological mother

2. Killing biological father

3. Killing arahanth (Completely enlightened person)

4. Schism- breaking the amiability among bikkhus

5. Dropping blood from His Holiness Lord Buddha’s Body

So one may or may not go to hell, if they never ever done those five, but definitely won’t drop there because of some one else thinking/believing that it sh/would happen so. Let’s Just empathize with them. As there’s no space for blind beliefs in Buddhism.

Happy journey!

A method to escape from suffering

OK this is not smart but I’ve edited my last post. I couldn’t make myself read it again to see what I’ve written there, so I split it in to two and edited. If you’ve found that it’s dull to read the same post, sorry for bothering you. Anyway I felt this as better.

In ( the beginning of last week’s) my last post, I discussed that the way feelings occur, improve and disappear could be used to deal with sufferings. But it’s not the final solution or the reason for  sufferings that is taught in Buddhism. Because this method may not help to vanish them forever, but suppress , and they may rise to surface again, later. But we’ll have the ability to easily make our lives better, by freeing mind from unpleasant conditions.

But, how could we release our mind from an unpleasant condition?

Majority of Lord Buddha’s teachings are concerned with, ending sufferings in this life and in the round of rebirth, and also on developing mind and on achieving a comfortable and contented life. So there are many sections in Dhamma, on how to end or escape from sufferings. ” Vitakkasanthana Sutta ” in Majjhima Nikaya of Dhamma can be used for us even you are a Buddhist or not, or have knowledge of Dhamma or not. If you think intellectually, it could be used in daily life to find relief from sufferings that play in your mind

This sutta says, one can  use, one or more of the following five, to escape from an unwanted thought ( a feeling or an emotion in our case ) or avoid occurring more thoughts (developing the feeling ) on it.

In such a situation you only have to,

  1.  Give attention to something else that change the condition of your mind (use the opposite thought ),
  2. Think about the dangers and bad effects that could result from your thoughts ( consider the resulting damages ),
  3. Avoid from recalling that thought in to your mind and  avoid from thinking in the same way on it repeatedly (Avoid recalling that thought ),
  4. Find out how that thought have started in your mind (find the origin ),
  5. And If any of above does not work with it , you  have to just suppress that feeling  by dictating your mind to get rid of it (When doing this, do not react to what’s going on inside mind ), ( try this by pressing tongue on the palate, that’s said to be most effective).( Firm determination ).

These instructions, in the sutta, are on how to deal with a negative or evil feelings in the mind and how to purify mind by clearing demerit thoughts and replacing with merits, to move on the path to enlightenment. So a Buddhist, who practices Dhamma, could use the knowledge of Buddha’s teachings, when trying specially on  1, 2,and 4  of above.

When talking about them generally, I think the fourth one may deliver more benefits. If we take the situation you’ve been angry, how did you start to feel angry? Did it exist before? When we take the example from last post, anger has started, most probably from what you’ve seen or heard  about that person. and remembering that reason, is the fourth of above:- the  origin of the thought . It may lead us to see how we behave in such situations and re-think about our decisions and the steps. We may realize that before that reason occurred,  we had no aversion (dislike) towards her in your mind. Not just hearing it but agreeing with your next thought ( probably about her being bad to you)  had started that anger that developed in to a hatred. In such occasions developing metta or loving kindness would relieve your mind.( this the first one :- (use the opposite thought )

Aversion is one of three ( Aversion, desire and delusion ), that would start a living being suffer. When you give them the opportunity to stay longer in mind, it develops more and more and make you suffer. Every time you involve with the object that was the reason for your hatred or longing, more it develops making it unbearable to stay away from reacting to it. More you play with your thoughts on that idea more they grow. So best way is to not let that thought enter in to your mind, never think further with it. If you can avoid from things that recall it until you can handle it in your mind. Just avoid from giving it a place in your mind, when a thought is ignored it becomes lessen. (Third one:- Avoid recalling that thought ).

Until we free our mind from such a negative feeling it could make us restless, Lose peace within mind. If you react with such feeling in your working place it might deliver you bad reputation. Some co-workers might start to see and treat you  differently from  the way they have used to and you may feel its oddness. A promotion that was due to come might be reconsidered affecting your career, and so on. So it’s always smart to think of the results that may badly affect you after your reaction or of the disharmony occurred in your mind  by having that feeling, then it may start to lose its impact on you.  (Second one:- consider the resulting damages ).

Enjoyments and Sufferings

So everybody taste enjoyments in lives, we saw that earlier.

So why do we suffer in this life, generally we do suffer don’t we?

When talking about sufferings, someone could have a job but then feel it’s not the greatest one to have. So he suffers not having a better one. When he long for a better job, there are some who wish like ” Oh if I  had a some kind of job, then I’d be so grateful to have it “. So they suffer from not having any kind of job don’t they? . Both  suffer by same thing, a job, but differently,  Something to think…

Don’t we also wish like that  “oh if I had something better and then I would have been so much happy”.  But don’t we sometime get those things as we wished, and then do we feel so much happy or don’t we ? Well, If you asked me, yes I would feel so much happy, because I finally have what I wanted so much. So I’ll enjoy it’s comfort with a relaxed mind.

Isn’t happiness a great enjoyment in this life? 

It can relax our minds and cure our bodies. So good to have it for ever. But would it last for ever? If we take me, first week definitely ” I’ll be  so much happy ” and then next or two  ‘ much’ may be get lost  leaving only “I’ll be so happy”, with me. I think in about a month  gradually I’ll get accustomed to that feeling of happiness and It may affect lesser and lesser afterwards and then  occasionally it may come into mind and then remind me  slightly of the happiness I’ve experienced. As I remember, this is  same with everything, not only with happiness or comfort but also with other feelings. This is what happens in the life, with every feeling what ever it is, an enjoyment or a suffering. we feel something so heavily or considerably at one time and then there are times even it is hard to be remembered.

So what happens to those feelings with the time. (Do they diminish because, time feed on our feelings ? ). Doesn’t this show the effect of a feeling at one time is not the same at another time. If it is same, then it should affect us the same way at every-time. Can we keep how we feel towards something  unchanged forever ? To feel the same way about it in whole life time.  Have you ever tried to watch that the way we think, changes? I think one should try that, watching thoughts is a game with better competition than any other. You would learn how much dedication you would need to keep track of the straying mind.

If you watch, you’d notice that like some emotions  fade with time,  some others do  sharpen with time. Sometime it happens so, with the same emotion. Why is this so? Think of a situation that you have become angry with someone ( say a colleague). You might have not liked to talk with her and resented her for some days and then may be with some time flown, some of her nice ways had come into your memory and earlier emotions might have been lessen. But what if,  again in a short time, you’ve heard of her another action that affects your life badly. Then again those lessened anger and other emotions may arise won’t they? Each time you’ve come across a new fault with her those emotions will be increased.  The more she comes in to your memory, the  more your hatred for her grows. This is what happens with all emotions. The more they are refreshed in memory, then more they are brighten. If  other feelings that supports or connect to them occur the more they are developed, making them grow like a jungle. But if you don’t let your emotions grow in that way, distracting your mind from thoughts on them, eventually they will fade away.

We can use this to escape from sufferings in our lives.

Contd.

Why there are branches in a community? : Discussion

A person understands or learns something  within the scope of his knowledge. This could also be limited by that person’s intelligence. According to his scope of his abilities to understand, he may, see it as it is or misunderstand  it or form a whole different  perception. This new perception  may (almost 99.99*) not hold the true meaning of the original fact.

If some person ‘x’ state a concept, the way he  understands, contradictions from his audience could rise if it is controversial . It may divide the main group  into one or more sub groups as to their acceptance of the view. If the members of the second remain to follow  ‘x’ and consider ‘x’ as their leader (in that view), a  sub branch  may occur.

The real issue in this lie on the difference between the two understandings. So followers of latter are more likely to lose their way. It’s similar to if a person had got  information differently, when he was directed to some destination.

i.e.   a boy named ‘Peter’ wants to go to ‘Helen’s’  house. But he had not got the directions correctly.

reasons could have been:
  • He did not understand what he was told (eg. he had never heard about taxis).
  •  He wasn’t listening well .
  • He was thinking something else at the moment and didn’t ask again what he had to do.
  • he had got only a part of the directions and wasn’t aware of it
  • person who told him also didn’t know the correct directions
  • etc.

Peter is more likely to never reach Helen’s house, if he never tried or had the opportunity to revise his directions from an accurate resource.Anyway it would be a sad story as he had been trying ( so he gets tired, could have had some fun somewhere else) in vain.

Any way that can happen to any of us. So wish you all the best of luck!

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